Agogo bells

agogo

The agogo bells are Brazilian double bell which is the oldest instrument based on West African. The agogo bells have the highest pitch comparing to the other entire instrument.

Tamborim

tamborim

 

Tamborim

Tamborim are small single head drum which are held by hand. The have a very high pitch and are often played in a fast rhythm. The sounds they produce are crackle sound and are often ply in solos. They can also change their tone by pressing the back of the head drums.

Caixa/Snare

CAIXA

Caixa/Snare

Caixa is a Brazilian percussion meaning a double-headed snare drum. This is the instrument that holds the rhythm together or producing cross rhythms with the other instrument.

Apito

apito

 

Apito

Apito is a whistle which has three different pitches. Their pitch can be change by pressing the holes and you can play a tune with the apito. The apito is use for calling and leading. There are usually wooden apito but we often use the plastic ones because they are louder so the rest of the band could hear the leader.

Repinique

reps

 

Repinique

Repinique or repique is a metal-shelled drum, which are tuned into a high pitched and are usually the loudest part of the drums. Their name comes from a verb that means ‘to call’ so it is the calling drum.

There are two ways of playing it:

1. Rio batucada – playing with one hand

2. Bahia reggae – playing with two hand

Surdo

surdo

 

Surdo

Surdo are big bass drums that are the timekeeper of the band. They are usually tuned into different pitches. The beat it held together by the lowest pitch Surdo. In Rio the highest surdo are called the Contra or the Repinique, the medium surdo are called the Resposta and the lowest surdo are call the Maracasao.